### diff env/lib/python3.9/site-packages/networkx/algorithms/centrality/closeness.py @ 0:4f3585e2f14bdraftdefaulttip

author shellac Mon, 22 Mar 2021 18:12:50 +0000
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--- /dev/null	Thu Jan 01 00:00:00 1970 +0000
+++ b/env/lib/python3.9/site-packages/networkx/algorithms/centrality/closeness.py	Mon Mar 22 18:12:50 2021 +0000
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+"""
+Closeness centrality measures.
+"""
+import functools
+import networkx as nx
+from networkx.exception import NetworkXError
+from networkx.utils.decorators import not_implemented_for
+
+__all__ = ["closeness_centrality", "incremental_closeness_centrality"]
+
+
+def closeness_centrality(G, u=None, distance=None, wf_improved=True):
+    r"""Compute closeness centrality for nodes.
+
+    Closeness centrality _ of a node u is the reciprocal of the
+    average shortest path distance to u over all n-1 reachable nodes.
+
+    .. math::
+
+        C(u) = \frac{n - 1}{\sum_{v=1}^{n-1} d(v, u)},
+
+    where d(v, u) is the shortest-path distance between v and u,
+    and n is the number of nodes that can reach u. Notice that the
+    closeness distance function computes the incoming distance to u
+    for directed graphs. To use outward distance, act on G.reverse().
+
+    Notice that higher values of closeness indicate higher centrality.
+
+    Wasserman and Faust propose an improved formula for graphs with
+    more than one connected component. The result is "a ratio of the
+    fraction of actors in the group who are reachable, to the average
+    distance" from the reachable actors _. You might think this
+    scale factor is inverted but it is not. As is, nodes from small
+    components receive a smaller closeness value. Letting N denote
+    the number of nodes in the graph,
+
+    .. math::
+
+        C_{WF}(u) = \frac{n-1}{N-1} \frac{n - 1}{\sum_{v=1}^{n-1} d(v, u)},
+
+    Parameters
+    ----------
+    G : graph
+      A NetworkX graph
+
+    u : node, optional
+      Return only the value for node u
+
+    distance : edge attribute key, optional (default=None)
+      Use the specified edge attribute as the edge distance in shortest
+      path calculations
+
+    wf_improved : bool, optional (default=True)
+      If True, scale by the fraction of nodes reachable. This gives the
+      Wasserman and Faust improved formula. For single component graphs
+      it is the same as the original formula.
+
+    Returns
+    -------
+    nodes : dictionary
+      Dictionary of nodes with closeness centrality as the value.
+
+    --------
+    degree_centrality, incremental_closeness_centrality
+
+    Notes
+    -----
+    The closeness centrality is normalized to (n-1)/(|G|-1) where
+    n is the number of nodes in the connected part of graph
+    containing the node.  If the graph is not completely connected,
+    this algorithm computes the closeness centrality for each
+    connected part separately scaled by that parts size.
+
+    If the 'distance' keyword is set to an edge attribute key then the
+    shortest-path length will be computed using Dijkstra's algorithm with
+    that edge attribute as the edge weight.
+
+    The closeness centrality uses *inward* distance to a node, not outward.
+    If you want to use outword distances apply the function to G.reverse()
+
+    In NetworkX 2.2 and earlier a bug caused Dijkstra's algorithm to use the
+    outward distance rather than the inward distance. If you use a 'distance'
+    keyword and a DiGraph, your results will change between v2.2 and v2.3.
+
+    References
+    ----------
+    ..  Linton C. Freeman: Centrality in networks: I.
+       Conceptual clarification. Social Networks 1:215-239, 1979.
+       http://leonidzhukov.ru/hse/2013/socialnetworks/papers/freeman79-centrality.pdf
+    ..  pg. 201 of Wasserman, S. and Faust, K.,
+       Social Network Analysis: Methods and Applications, 1994,
+       Cambridge University Press.
+    """
+    if G.is_directed():
+        G = G.reverse()  # create a reversed graph view
+
+    if distance is not None:
+        # use Dijkstra's algorithm with specified attribute as edge weight
+        path_length = functools.partial(
+            nx.single_source_dijkstra_path_length, weight=distance
+        )
+    else:
+        path_length = nx.single_source_shortest_path_length
+
+    if u is None:
+        nodes = G.nodes
+    else:
+        nodes = [u]
+    closeness_centrality = {}
+    for n in nodes:
+        sp = path_length(G, n)
+        totsp = sum(sp.values())
+        len_G = len(G)
+        _closeness_centrality = 0.0
+        if totsp > 0.0 and len_G > 1:
+            _closeness_centrality = (len(sp) - 1.0) / totsp
+            # normalize to number of nodes-1 in connected part
+            if wf_improved:
+                s = (len(sp) - 1.0) / (len_G - 1)
+                _closeness_centrality *= s
+        closeness_centrality[n] = _closeness_centrality
+    if u is not None:
+        return closeness_centrality[u]
+    else:
+        return closeness_centrality
+
+
+@not_implemented_for("directed")
+def incremental_closeness_centrality(
+    G, edge, prev_cc=None, insertion=True, wf_improved=True
+):
+    r"""Incremental closeness centrality for nodes.
+
+    Compute closeness centrality for nodes using level-based work filtering
+    as described in Incremental Algorithms for Closeness Centrality by Sariyuce et al.
+
+    Level-based work filtering detects unnecessary updates to the closeness
+    centrality and filters them out.
+
+    ---
+    From "Incremental Algorithms for Closeness Centrality":
+
+    Theorem 1: Let :math:G = (V, E) be a graph and u and v be two vertices in V
+    such that there is no edge (u, v) in E. Let :math:G' = (V, E \cup uv)
+    Then :math:cc[s] = cc'[s] if and only if :math:\left|dG(s, u) - dG(s, v)\right| \leq 1.
+
+    Where :math:dG(u, v) denotes the length of the shortest path between
+    two vertices u, v in a graph G, cc[s] is the closeness centrality for a
+    vertex s in V, and cc'[s] is the closeness centrality for a
+    vertex s in V, with the (u, v) edge added.
+    ---
+
+    We use Theorem 1 to filter out updates when adding or removing an edge.
+    When adding an edge (u, v), we compute the shortest path lengths from all
+    other nodes to u and to v before the node is added. When removing an edge,
+    we compute the shortest path lengths after the edge is removed. Then we
+    apply Theorem 1 to use previously computed closeness centrality for nodes
+    where :math:\left|dG(s, u) - dG(s, v)\right| \leq 1. This works only for
+    undirected, unweighted graphs; the distance argument is not supported.
+
+    Closeness centrality _ of a node u is the reciprocal of the
+    sum of the shortest path distances from u to all n-1 other nodes.
+    Since the sum of distances depends on the number of nodes in the
+    graph, closeness is normalized by the sum of minimum possible
+    distances n-1.
+
+    .. math::
+
+        C(u) = \frac{n - 1}{\sum_{v=1}^{n-1} d(v, u)},
+
+    where d(v, u) is the shortest-path distance between v and u,
+    and n is the number of nodes in the graph.
+
+    Notice that higher values of closeness indicate higher centrality.
+
+    Parameters
+    ----------
+    G : graph
+      A NetworkX graph
+
+    edge : tuple
+      The modified edge (u, v) in the graph.
+
+    prev_cc : dictionary
+      The previous closeness centrality for all nodes in the graph.
+
+    insertion : bool, optional
+      If True (default) the edge was inserted, otherwise it was deleted from the graph.
+
+    wf_improved : bool, optional (default=True)
+      If True, scale by the fraction of nodes reachable. This gives the
+      Wasserman and Faust improved formula. For single component graphs
+      it is the same as the original formula.
+
+    Returns
+    -------
+    nodes : dictionary
+      Dictionary of nodes with closeness centrality as the value.
+
+    --------
+    degree_centrality, closeness_centrality
+
+    Notes
+    -----
+    The closeness centrality is normalized to (n-1)/(|G|-1) where
+    n is the number of nodes in the connected part of graph
+    containing the node.  If the graph is not completely connected,
+    this algorithm computes the closeness centrality for each
+    connected part separately.
+
+    References
+    ----------
+    ..  Freeman, L.C., 1979. Centrality in networks: I.
+       Conceptual clarification.  Social Networks 1, 215--239.
+       http://www.soc.ucsb.edu/faculty/friedkin/Syllabi/Soc146/Freeman78.PDF
+    ..  Sariyuce, A.E. ; Kaya, K. ; Saule, E. ; Catalyiirek, U.V. Incremental
+       Algorithms for Closeness Centrality. 2013 IEEE International Conference on Big Data
+       http://sariyuce.com/papers/bigdata13.pdf
+    """
+    if prev_cc is not None and set(prev_cc.keys()) != set(G.nodes()):
+        raise NetworkXError("prev_cc and G do not have the same nodes")
+
+    # Unpack edge
+    (u, v) = edge
+    path_length = nx.single_source_shortest_path_length
+
+    if insertion:
+        # For edge insertion, we want shortest paths before the edge is inserted
+        du = path_length(G, u)
+        dv = path_length(G, v)
+
+    else:
+        G.remove_edge(u, v)
+
+        # For edge removal, we want shortest paths after the edge is removed
+        du = path_length(G, u)
+        dv = path_length(G, v)
+
+    if prev_cc is None:
+        return nx.closeness_centrality(G)
+
+    nodes = G.nodes()
+    closeness_centrality = {}
+    for n in nodes:
+        if n in du and n in dv and abs(du[n] - dv[n]) <= 1:
+            closeness_centrality[n] = prev_cc[n]
+        else:
+            sp = path_length(G, n)
+            totsp = sum(sp.values())
+            len_G = len(G)
+            _closeness_centrality = 0.0
+            if totsp > 0.0 and len_G > 1:
+                _closeness_centrality = (len(sp) - 1.0) / totsp
+                # normalize to number of nodes-1 in connected part
+                if wf_improved:
+                    s = (len(sp) - 1.0) / (len_G - 1)
+                    _closeness_centrality *= s
+            closeness_centrality[n] = _closeness_centrality
+
+    # Leave the graph as we found it
+    if insertion:
+        G.remove_edge(u, v)
+    else:
+    return closeness_centrality