Mercurial > repos > shellac > sam_consensus_v3
annotate env/lib/python3.9/sitepackages/networkx/algorithms/approximation/independent_set.py @ 0:4f3585e2f14b draft default tip
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
author  shellac 

date  Mon, 22 Mar 2021 18:12:50 +0000 
parents  
children 
rev  line source 

0
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

1 r""" 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

2 Independent Set 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

3 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

4 Independent set or stable set is a set of vertices in a graph, no two of 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

5 which are adjacent. That is, it is a set I of vertices such that for every 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

6 two vertices in I, there is no edge connecting the two. Equivalently, each 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

7 edge in the graph has at most one endpoint in I. The size of an independent 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

8 set is the number of vertices it contains. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

9 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

10 A maximum independent set is a largest independent set for a given graph G 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

11 and its size is denoted $\alpha(G)$. The problem of finding such a set is called 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

12 the maximum independent set problem and is an NPhard optimization problem. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

13 As such, it is unlikely that there exists an efficient algorithm for finding 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

14 a maximum independent set of a graph. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

15 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

16 `Wikipedia: Independent set <https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Independent_set_(graph_theory)>`_ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

17 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

18 Independent set algorithm is based on the following paper: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

19 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

20 $O(V/(logV)^2)$ apx of maximum clique/independent set. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

21 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

22 Boppana, R., & Halldórsson, M. M. (1992). 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

23 Approximating maximum independent sets by excluding subgraphs. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

24 BIT Numerical Mathematics, 32(2), 180–196. Springer. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

25 doi:10.1007/BF01994876 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

26 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

27 """ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

28 from networkx.algorithms.approximation import clique_removal 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

29 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

30 __all__ = ["maximum_independent_set"] 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

31 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

32 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

33 def maximum_independent_set(G): 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

34 """Returns an approximate maximum independent set. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

35 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

36 Parameters 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

37  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

38 G : NetworkX graph 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

39 Undirected graph 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

40 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

41 Returns 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

42  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

43 iset : Set 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

44 The apxmaximum independent set 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

45 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

46 Notes 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

47  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

48 Finds the $O(V/(logV)^2)$ apx of independent set in the worst case. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

49 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

50 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

51 References 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

52  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

53 .. [1] Boppana, R., & Halldórsson, M. M. (1992). 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

54 Approximating maximum independent sets by excluding subgraphs. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

55 BIT Numerical Mathematics, 32(2), 180–196. Springer. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

56 """ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

57 iset, _ = clique_removal(G) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

58 return iset 