Mercurial > repos > shellac > sam_consensus_v3
annotate env/lib/python3.9/sitepackages/networkx/algorithms/structuralholes.py @ 0:4f3585e2f14b draft default tip
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
author  shellac 

date  Mon, 22 Mar 2021 18:12:50 +0000 
parents  
children 
rev  line source 

0
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

1 """Functions for computing measures of structural holes.""" 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

2 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

3 import networkx as nx 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

4 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

5 __all__ = ["constraint", "local_constraint", "effective_size"] 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

6 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

7 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

8 def mutual_weight(G, u, v, weight=None): 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

9 """Returns the sum of the weights of the edge from `u` to `v` and 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

10 the edge from `v` to `u` in `G`. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

11 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

12 `weight` is the edge data key that represents the edge weight. If 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

13 the specified key is `None` or is not in the edge data for an edge, 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

14 that edge is assumed to have weight 1. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

15 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

16 Preconditions: `u` and `v` must both be in `G`. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

17 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

18 """ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

19 try: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

20 a_uv = G[u][v].get(weight, 1) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

21 except KeyError: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

22 a_uv = 0 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

23 try: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

24 a_vu = G[v][u].get(weight, 1) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

25 except KeyError: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

26 a_vu = 0 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

27 return a_uv + a_vu 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

28 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

29 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

30 def normalized_mutual_weight(G, u, v, norm=sum, weight=None): 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

31 """Returns normalized mutual weight of the edges from `u` to `v` 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

32 with respect to the mutual weights of the neighbors of `u` in `G`. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

33 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

34 `norm` specifies how the normalization factor is computed. It must 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

35 be a function that takes a single argument and returns a number. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

36 The argument will be an iterable of mutual weights 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

37 of pairs ``(u, w)``, where ``w`` ranges over each (in and 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

38 out)neighbor of ``u``. Commons values for `normalization` are 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

39 ``sum`` and ``max``. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

40 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

41 `weight` can be ``None`` or a string, if None, all edge weights 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

42 are considered equal. Otherwise holds the name of the edge 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

43 attribute used as weight. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

44 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

45 """ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

46 scale = norm(mutual_weight(G, u, w, weight) for w in set(nx.all_neighbors(G, u))) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

47 return 0 if scale == 0 else mutual_weight(G, u, v, weight) / scale 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

48 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

49 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

50 def effective_size(G, nodes=None, weight=None): 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

51 r"""Returns the effective size of all nodes in the graph ``G``. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

52 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

53 The *effective size* of a node's ego network is based on the concept 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

54 of redundancy. A person's ego network has redundancy to the extent 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

55 that her contacts are connected to each other as well. The 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

56 nonredundant part of a person's relationships it's the effective 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

57 size of her ego network [1]_. Formally, the effective size of a 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

58 node $u$, denoted $e(u)$, is defined by 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

59 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

60 .. math:: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

61 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

62 e(u) = \sum_{v \in N(u) \setminus \{u\}} 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

63 \left(1  \sum_{w \in N(v)} p_{uw} m_{vw}\right) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

64 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

65 where $N(u)$ is the set of neighbors of $u$ and $p_{uw}$ is the 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

66 normalized mutual weight of the (directed or undirected) edges 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

67 joining $u$ and $v$, for each vertex $u$ and $v$ [1]_. And $m_{vw}$ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

68 is the mutual weight of $v$ and $w$ divided by $v$ highest mutual 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

69 weight with any of its neighbors. The *mutual weight* of $u$ and $v$ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

70 is the sum of the weights of edges joining them (edge weights are 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

71 assumed to be one if the graph is unweighted). 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

72 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

73 For the case of unweighted and undirected graphs, Borgatti proposed 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

74 a simplified formula to compute effective size [2]_ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

75 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

76 .. math:: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

77 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

78 e(u) = n  \frac{2t}{n} 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

79 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

80 where `t` is the number of ties in the ego network (not including 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

81 ties to ego) and `n` is the number of nodes (excluding ego). 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

82 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

83 Parameters 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

84  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

85 G : NetworkX graph 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

86 The graph containing ``v``. Directed graphs are treated like 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

87 undirected graphs when computing neighbors of ``v``. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

88 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

89 nodes : container, optional 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

90 Container of nodes in the graph ``G`` to compute the effective size. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

91 If None, the effective size of every node is computed. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

92 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

93 weight : None or string, optional 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

94 If None, all edge weights are considered equal. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

95 Otherwise holds the name of the edge attribute used as weight. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

96 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

97 Returns 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

98  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

99 dict 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

100 Dictionary with nodes as keys and the effective size of the node as values. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

101 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

102 Notes 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

103  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

104 Burt also defined the related concept of *efficiency* of a node's ego 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

105 network, which is its effective size divided by the degree of that 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

106 node [1]_. So you can easily compute efficiency: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

107 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

108 >>> G = nx.DiGraph() 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

109 >>> G.add_edges_from([(0, 1), (0, 2), (1, 0), (2, 1)]) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

110 >>> esize = nx.effective_size(G) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

111 >>> efficiency = {n: v / G.degree(n) for n, v in esize.items()} 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

112 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

113 See also 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

114  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

115 constraint 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

116 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

117 References 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

118  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

119 .. [1] Burt, Ronald S. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

120 *Structural Holes: The Social Structure of Competition.* 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

121 Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1995. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

122 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

123 .. [2] Borgatti, S. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

124 "Structural Holes: Unpacking Burt's Redundancy Measures" 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

125 CONNECTIONS 20(1):3538. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

126 http://www.analytictech.com/connections/v20(1)/holes.htm 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

127 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

128 """ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

129 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

130 def redundancy(G, u, v, weight=None): 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

131 nmw = normalized_mutual_weight 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

132 r = sum( 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

133 nmw(G, u, w, weight=weight) * nmw(G, v, w, norm=max, weight=weight) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

134 for w in set(nx.all_neighbors(G, u)) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

135 ) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

136 return 1  r 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

137 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

138 effective_size = {} 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

139 if nodes is None: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

140 nodes = G 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

141 # Use Borgatti's simplified formula for unweighted and undirected graphs 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

142 if not G.is_directed() and weight is None: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

143 for v in nodes: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

144 # Effective size is not defined for isolated nodes 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

145 if len(G[v]) == 0: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

146 effective_size[v] = float("nan") 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

147 continue 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

148 E = nx.ego_graph(G, v, center=False, undirected=True) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

149 effective_size[v] = len(E)  (2 * E.size()) / len(E) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

150 else: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

151 for v in nodes: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

152 # Effective size is not defined for isolated nodes 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

153 if len(G[v]) == 0: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

154 effective_size[v] = float("nan") 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

155 continue 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

156 effective_size[v] = sum( 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

157 redundancy(G, v, u, weight) for u in set(nx.all_neighbors(G, v)) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

158 ) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

159 return effective_size 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

160 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

161 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

162 def constraint(G, nodes=None, weight=None): 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

163 r"""Returns the constraint on all nodes in the graph ``G``. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

164 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

165 The *constraint* is a measure of the extent to which a node *v* is 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

166 invested in those nodes that are themselves invested in the 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

167 neighbors of *v*. Formally, the *constraint on v*, denoted `c(v)`, 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

168 is defined by 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

169 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

170 .. math:: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

171 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

172 c(v) = \sum_{w \in N(v) \setminus \{v\}} \ell(v, w) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

173 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

174 where `N(v)` is the subset of the neighbors of `v` that are either 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

175 predecessors or successors of `v` and `\ell(v, w)` is the local 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

176 constraint on `v` with respect to `w` [1]_. For the definition of local 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

177 constraint, see :func:`local_constraint`. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

178 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

179 Parameters 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

180  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

181 G : NetworkX graph 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

182 The graph containing ``v``. This can be either directed or undirected. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

183 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

184 nodes : container, optional 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

185 Container of nodes in the graph ``G`` to compute the constraint. If 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

186 None, the constraint of every node is computed. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

187 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

188 weight : None or string, optional 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

189 If None, all edge weights are considered equal. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

190 Otherwise holds the name of the edge attribute used as weight. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

191 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

192 Returns 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

193  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

194 dict 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

195 Dictionary with nodes as keys and the constraint on the node as values. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

196 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

197 See also 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

198  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

199 local_constraint 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

200 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

201 References 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

202  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

203 .. [1] Burt, Ronald S. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

204 "Structural holes and good ideas". 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

205 American Journal of Sociology (110): 349–399. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

206 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

207 """ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

208 if nodes is None: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

209 nodes = G 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

210 constraint = {} 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

211 for v in nodes: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

212 # Constraint is not defined for isolated nodes 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

213 if len(G[v]) == 0: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

214 constraint[v] = float("nan") 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

215 continue 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

216 constraint[v] = sum( 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

217 local_constraint(G, v, n, weight) for n in set(nx.all_neighbors(G, v)) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

218 ) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

219 return constraint 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

220 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

221 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

222 def local_constraint(G, u, v, weight=None): 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

223 r"""Returns the local constraint on the node ``u`` with respect to 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

224 the node ``v`` in the graph ``G``. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

225 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

226 Formally, the *local constraint on u with respect to v*, denoted 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

227 $\ell(v)$, is defined by 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

228 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

229 .. math:: 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

230 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

231 \ell(u, v) = \left(p_{uv} + \sum_{w \in N(v)} p_{uw} p{wv}\right)^2, 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

232 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

233 where $N(v)$ is the set of neighbors of $v$ and $p_{uv}$ is the 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

234 normalized mutual weight of the (directed or undirected) edges 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

235 joining $u$ and $v$, for each vertex $u$ and $v$ [1]_. The *mutual 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

236 weight* of $u$ and $v$ is the sum of the weights of edges joining 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

237 them (edge weights are assumed to be one if the graph is 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

238 unweighted). 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

239 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

240 Parameters 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

241  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

242 G : NetworkX graph 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

243 The graph containing ``u`` and ``v``. This can be either 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

244 directed or undirected. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

245 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

246 u : node 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

247 A node in the graph ``G``. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

248 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

249 v : node 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

250 A node in the graph ``G``. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

251 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

252 weight : None or string, optional 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

253 If None, all edge weights are considered equal. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

254 Otherwise holds the name of the edge attribute used as weight. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

255 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

256 Returns 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

257  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

258 float 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

259 The constraint of the node ``v`` in the graph ``G``. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

260 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

261 See also 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

262  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

263 constraint 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

264 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

265 References 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

266  
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

267 .. [1] Burt, Ronald S. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

268 "Structural holes and good ideas". 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

269 American Journal of Sociology (110): 349–399. 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

270 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

271 """ 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

272 nmw = normalized_mutual_weight 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

273 direct = nmw(G, u, v, weight=weight) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

274 indirect = sum( 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

275 nmw(G, u, w, weight=weight) * nmw(G, w, v, weight=weight) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

276 for w in set(nx.all_neighbors(G, u)) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

277 ) 
4f3585e2f14b
"planemo upload commit 60cee0fc7c0cda8592644e1aad72851dec82c959"
shellac
parents:
diff
changeset

278 return (direct + indirect) ** 2 